Berkshire pork, known as "Kurobuta" or "black pig" in Japan, is said to be England's oldest pig breed. It was initially bred in the English county of Berkshire (today known as Oxfordshire due to a change in county boundaries in 1974). Berkshire pigs today are descended from the herd maintained by the British monarchs since the early 18th century.
It is believed that the meat became popular in other parts of England after it was discovered by Cromwell's troops while stationed in Reading during the English Civil War. The pigs were transported to the United States in 1823, where they were quickly introduced to the general hog population. The juiciness, flavor, tenderness, heavy intramuscular marbling and high fat content characteristic of pure Berkshire pork significantly improved the quality of meat when crossed with the common stock found in the United States.
Today, the purity of the breed is monitored by the American Berkshire Association, which registers Berkshire pigs that are 100% Berkshire and have a pedigree that can be traced back to those original English pigs. It is widely regarded as the Kobe beef of the pork industry. Each of our pigs has lineage traceable back to the pigs bred by the 18th century English monarchy and is registered with the American Berkshire Association.